Start SmallPublished: Jun 27th, 2021 02:45 pm
Cobra effect occurs when an attempted solution to a problem
makes the problem worst. There is an interesting story behind this name.
The name got derived during the British rule in colonial India. One of the British administrator was worried about the presence of large number of cobras in Delhi, then. He thought of solving this problem by offering incentives. He devised a scheme “bring a dead cobra and take cash”. He thought this would solve the problem.
But some people had other ideas. They began cobra farming.
Now the administration had to deal with a different problem altogether. People were getting more and more dead cobras and administration had to dole out more cash than they thought they would. After some time, administration decided this was not a good scheme and they stopped it.
By now the Cobra farmers had cobras which suddenly became worthless and most importantly a problem – what to do with same? They just released their cobras. So ultimately the effort to solve the cobra problem resulted in more cobras in Delhi. Thus the name cobra effect.
An innovation firm spends huge amount of money to make ready an open-office plan. The idea is to make it look not only attractive to clients also to encourage more face to face collaboration much needed in this industry. The belief here is when you place people close they will talk to each other more. However when office was readied exactly the opposite happened. Face to face communication and hence collaboration actually reduced. The co-workers started getting interrupted in their work due to other co-workers talk, noise levels increase and people in office became privy to conversations much to the discomfort of many. All this made it almost impossible to do any meaningful work in office which involved conscious study. Slowly many started leaving the office spaces and started working from cafeterias and any other place where they would not be disturbed. Forget the collaboration when people were placed together they started talking to each other less.
A classic example is when people are crammed together in an airplane or a subway store, they often find ways to retain their privacy through headphones or books or even unwelcoming glances.
So the question is how can we predict? Often we will not be. So then what do we do?
Try testing your idea in a small way before
Start small, check the result and then scale up if needed.
It could be risky to take a full plunge!
Rajiv Krishnan Pisharoti
Rajiv Krishnan Pisharoti